Organized by the Benjamin Marshall Society, this symposium will look at Chicago’s great high-rise apartment buildings of the first half of the twentieth century and how traditional architects helped modernize Chicago. Combining ornamental treatments and modern streamlined interiors, these structures were both functionally efficient and luxurious dwellings rivaling the best of Chicago’s single family mansions. The panel will consider the way these buildings evolved over the course of a half century and their relevance in today's society. The panel will feature the work of important but under-appreciated Chicago architects: Howard van Doren Shaw, Benjamin Marshall, Robert DeGolyer, Philip Maher and others. These architects responded to society's desire for a modern, functional architecture with increasingly simple silhouettes and surface treatments, and in many instances proved to be trailblazers in the creation of the city’s built environment.